Our future fruiters
Avocado (Persea americana) is a fruit tree species of the Lauraceae family, native to Mexico and Central America. It is particularly grown for its fruits, avocados, rich in lipids.
Its name comes from the nahuatl "ahuacatl" which means "testicle" in reference to its form. The term ahuacatl is found in the word compound ahuacamolli (guacamole), meaning "avocado sauce".
In Chinese, the avocado is called "butter fruit" (牛油 果 níuyóu gǔo), sometimes "pear alligator"
Avocado is a medium-sized tree that can reach 15 meters in height. However, it usually measures about ten meters. Its crown is ample and bushy, its trunk is covered with a greyish and cracked bark.
Alternate leaves 12 to 25 cm long are simple, oval and dark green in color. They fall every year, but after the tree has already formed its new annual foliage: the tree therefore remains green permanently.
Its flowers measure from 5 to 10 mm.
The fruit is pear-shaped (pear-shaped) or ovoid or round, 7 to 20 cm long, weighing 100 to 1000 g. The avocado is, from a botanical point of view, a single-seeded berry, and not a drupe because the endocarp is fleshy. It has a large oval central seed 3 to 5 cm long. it is a tree with relatively slow growth. It reaches more than ten meters in adulthood and can give its first fruits around 5 to 6 years under ideal conditions (but most often around 8 or 9 years).